Have you ever trapped an actual booby? It seems like that would be pretty difficult. I won’t get into the hows and whys and instead will direct you to the latest website update from Daybreak’s early access survival sandbox H1Z1 for a primer on its booby trap mechanics. The work-in-progress traps will have different debilitating effects on would-be thieves, including blindness, uncontrollable coughs, and even death by fire.
You can craft traps at a workstation, and the update post has a list of all of the materials that you will need. Daybreak has also released a brief video that shows off the various trap effects. You can view that after the cut.